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There is no end to skin woes for women of all ages in possibly any season. But the harm caused by acute sun radiations ( UVA) on your skin is something that’s hard to ignore. From the common skin tanning to the dark patches below eyes, on cheeks, your skin cells are subjected to invariable damage.  

However, before you even differentiate between the two, there are different types of pigmentations namely: 

  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
  • Pigmentation due to sun damage
  • Hormonal pigmentation (Melasma)
  • Hypopigmentation

As per studies, the Hispanic population in the United States is highly vulnerable to a number of pigmentary disorders.  No wonder it has drawn a number of advanced medical treatments including using anti-inflammatory agents to treat this skin condition. 

But we recommend speaking to a certified physician if you suspect unexpected skin discolouration to determine the underlying medical condition before you choose any treatment. 

Let’s find out more …

Causes of Pigmentation 

Melanin is responsible for the colour or shade of your skin, hair and even ears. Herein, our focus is only on skin pigmentation. The production of melanin decides the proportion of skin discolouration on your face and other parts of the body. 

Though the actual source of pigmentation is hard to decipher, common causes include 

  • Excessive exposure to sun rays
  • Skin inflammation –  acne, eczema, lupus, etc
  • Reaction to medications – birth control pills
  • Hormonal changes due to pregnancy
  • Medical conditions such as Addison’s disease and hemochromatosis
  • Harsh cosmetics
  • Dietary mistakes 
  • Poor lifestyle choices 

If your skin cells (melanocytes) produce an excess of this pigment, you see dark brown patches but in an otherwise case, you get those pink or pale skin.  These spots are known as age spots, freckles, and melasma.

Cosmetic physicians/Dermatologists  suggest common remedies for gaining even skin tone: 

  1. Apply sunscreen daily with SPF or 30 or more  
  2. Cover your face, sunglasses whenever you go out in the sun 
  3. Use skincare products wisely that do not cause burn or irritation
  4. Be careful with hair removal lest it may worsen your skin condition 

However, if you are concerned about growing pigmentation, consulting a cosmetic doctor in Melbourne is a wise decision to make. 

Recommended Medical Treatments for Skin Pigmentation: 

All thanks to medical advancements that pigmentation is very much addressable now. The medial fracas has come out with many non-invasive skin treatments including: 

  • Flash Lamp Treatment 

Also known as Intense pulsed light treatment, this improves the skin tone after acute sun damage. In-specific this treats wrinkles, spots, freckles, birthmarks, rosacea, varicose veins, and facial hairs. Unlike laser treatment that focuses on just one wavelength of light, this therapy works on multiple wavelengths resembling a photo flash. Its a non-ablative and non-invasive therapy that does not cause any inadvertent damage to your skin layer. 

  1. Chemical Peels 

Another popular non-surgical procedure that involves the application of a chemical solution to the affected region to remove superficial layers leaving behind spotless skin complexion. 

These facial peels vary in terms of its chemical composition and of course, the duration depending on the extent of the damage. 

Generally, three peels are used – superficial peels using mild acids, medium peels with trichloroacetic or glycolic acid to penetrate deeper and deep peels using phenol or trichloroacetic acid to get even more deeper. 

  1. Microdermabrasion 

This minimally invasive skin procedure involves the use of a small hand-held device to remove the outer layer to bring youthful skin. Its either done pumping and sucking back micro-fine crystals into your damaged skin or using a diamond-tip hand device for exfoliation.  There is encouraging evidence that it supports the production of skin protein collagen for skin strength and elasticity.

  1. Laser Skin/IPL Treatment

This non-invasive skin technology heats up the upper layers of the skin to stimulate the production of collagen and revive the lost elasticity. This gentle process is largely recommended to reduce skin redness/rosacea, tightens pores, evens out skin tone. pigmentation sun damaged skin and many other mild skin abrasions. You can see a notable difference in the skin over a passage of time. 

What To Do Next? 

Pigmentation can lighten using many nurturing home remedies and adopting various precautions to protect your skin from further damage. However, if you aren’t seeing any encouraging signs, schedule a consultation to know your skin better for the best anti-aging treatment in skin clinic in Melbourne.