What is skin analysis?
Your skin analysis process starts with taking your medical history. If you have conditions such as asthma, eczema, liver problems and psoriasis, these conditions could be related to skin changes such as redness, broken capillaries, or patches. Skin analysis is useful in determining an underlying condition that may not be known to you. Skin analysis also assesses the amount of sun exposure and the type of skin you have.
The process will then look at your actual skin condition by highlighting pigmentation, pore size, skin unevenness, lines and wrinkles, sun damage and UV spots.
During skin analysis your analyst will use a UV camera to take pictures of underlying skin conditions that cannot be identified with the naked eye. Pigmentation, oil deposits and other anomalies, as well as possible skin cancers, can be determined.
Another method used to analyse your skin is fluorescence spectroscopy or spectrophotometric intracutaneous analysis (SIA). This method uses an ultraviolet light to view the skin. It also evaluates the physical and chemical property of tissues by analysing the intensity and character of the light. This method can be used to detect melanoma and helps in differentiating between benign and malignant tumours. With SIA analysis, you can measure the UV damage, skin tone variation, wrinkle measurement and assess the presence of bacteria in the pores.
Skin analysis, through investigating moisture content, oil, melanin (skin pigment) and elasticity, can be an excellent guide to your facial skin care.
Factors to assess
Your skin analyst will assess the following factors in order to recommend your individual treatment:
- Hydration: Without enough moisture, your skin can look dull, unhealthy and flaky and is more prone to ageing. Small modifications to your lifestyle habits will improve your skin condition. Avoid exposure to extremes of hot and cold air, protect your skin from UV damage by using sunscreens, get enough quality sleep, drink lots of water and eat a healthy diet that’s rich in fruits and vegetables. These steps will increase the moisture content of your skin.
- Sebum: If your skin has excess amounts of sebum, it can dilate the pores and cause acne. To reduce excess sebum, try to reduce your intake of coffee, alcohol, sugar and carbohydrates. Choose a diet rich in vitamin B and select good skin care products that help to remove excess sebum and dead skin cells.
- Elasticity: As you grow older your skin may lose elasticity. Sun damage, pollution and other environmental factors can result in loss of elasticity. To maintain elasticity, eat a nutrient-rich diet and adopt a healthy lifestyle, use good sun protection creams and lotions and avoid direct exposure to the sun.
- Pigmentation: Brown spots can form when your skin is exposed to the sun. To prevent this pigmentation, use sunscreen with a high SPF when you venture out during the hours of highest UV.
After the skin analysis procedure, your skin expert will be able to provide a final result of your skin’s health. Your expert might recommend skin care products such as:
- A good pH balanced cleanser that will remove the excess sebum and does not remove the water content from the skin
- An alcohol-free toner with moisturising properties
- Moisturising cream with UV-filters
- A light cream or a gel without any oil content