What is acne?
Acne is a condition in which the skin becomes inflamed due to the blockage of the hair follicles with oil, bacteria and dead skin cells. The areas of the body most prone to acne are the face, neck, back and shoulders. Acne cannot be cured; it can only be controlled with treatment.
Blue light therapy
Blue light therapy is an excellent acne treatment for many people. The blue light used penetrates deep within the skin to destroy acne-causing bacteria, clearing the acne and helping prevent future breakouts. Blue light is gentle to use and can result in a much clearer and more healthy complexion.
This acne treatment involves application of a photosensitiser cream to the skin that makes it more sensitive to light. Once the cream has dried, you will be placed under the blue light. The optimal light depends on the ideal wavelength for the particular cream used and the target tissue. The treated area will be washed after completion of the treatment. You will need to protect the skin with a sunscreen lotion. Depending on the results and severity of the acne, you might require additional sessions to achieve the desired results.
Some common side effects include redness and swelling of the treated areas, skin dryness and pigment changes.
Skin care products and skin peels
Facial peel is a skin-resurfacing procedure that involves application of a chemical solution to damaged facial areas (acne). The procedure is meant to peel away the superficial layers of the skin (exfoliation) giving you a youthful and unblemished complexion. Facial peels are a very popular non-surgical cosmetic procedure for acne treatment.
Facial peels vary according to their specific ingredients and their strength. The peeling action depends on the duration the solution remains on the skin and the depth of application. The desired appearance can be achieved through the application of superficial/light, medium, or deep treatments.
The superficial or light peel solution is composed of alphahydroxy acids (AHAs) such as glycolic, lactic and salicylic or fruit acids.
Medium depth peels use trichloroacetic acid (TCA), which remains on the skin for a longer time than the light peel.
Deep facial peels are typically performed with phenol-based solutions.
You will be prescribed with antibiotics or antiviral drugs to prepare the skin for the peel and quicken the healing process.
Facial peels are usually done as an outpatient procedure. The first step involves thorough cleansing of your face. Your surgeon will select the solution that best suits the treatment of your damaged skin. A deep chemical peel may require sedation (local anaesthesia) to numb the areas.
Using a cotton pad or a brush, the chemical is applied to the areas to be treated. While the chemical remains on the skin, you might feel a burning or stinging sensation for a few minutes. Cool saline compresses will be used to ease the sensation. An area treated with a deep peel will require surgical dressing.
Some of the potential complications of facial peels include redness, scarring, infection, cold sores and darkening of skin. Ensure that any facial peel treatment you undergo is conducted by a qualified doctor.