Understanding Age Spots & How to Get Rid of Them

Posted by Dr Theva in Facial Rejuvenation, Skin.

Age spots, also known as liver spots or sunspots, are a common skin condition that often develops as people age. These dark, flat areas on the skin are usually the result of prolonged exposure to the sun and other environmental factors. In this blog post, we will discuss the characteristics of age spots, explore who is at risk of developing them, and discuss various methods for their removal.

Age Spots

What are Age Spots?

Age spots, medically referred to as solar lentigines, are benign, pigmented lesions that appear on the skin, particularly on areas exposed to the sun. Most commonly found on the face, hands, shoulders, and arms. Despite the name, age spots are not solely an indicator of aging skin; they can also develop in younger individuals due to excessive sun exposure.

What do Age Spots Look Like?

Age spots typically present as small, flat, darkened patches on the skin. They vary in colour, ranging from light tan to dark brown, and can be round or oval in shape. The size of age spots varies as well, with some being as small as a freckle and others exceeding half an inch in diameter. Although they are generally harmless, the appearance of age spots can be a source of concern for those seeking to maintain a youthful-looking complexion.

What do Age Spots Look Like

Who is at Risk of Developing Age Spots?

Several factors contribute to the development of age spots, and certain individuals are more susceptible to them. 

The primary risk factors include:

1- Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun is the leading cause of age spots. Over time, UV rays can accelerate the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin colour, leading to the formation of these dark spots.

2 – Age: While age spots can occur at any age, they are more prevalent in older individuals. The skin’s ability to regenerate and repair itself diminishes with age, making it more susceptible to pigmentation irregularities.

3- Skin Type: Individuals with fair skin are at a higher risk of developing age spots. Lighter skin tones have less melanin, providing less natural protection against UV radiation.

4 – Genetics: A family history of age spots can increase the likelihood of developing them. Genetic factors can influence how the skin responds to sun exposure and aging.

How to Remove Age Spots

There are various methods for removing age spots, ranging from professional in-clinic treatments to simple at-home remedies.

In Clinic Skin Resurfacing

a. Chemical Peels: This procedure involves the application of a chemical solution to the skin, causing it to exfoliate and peel off. Chemical peels can help reduce the appearance of age spots by promoting skin regeneration.

b. Laser Resurfacing – Laser Genesis: Laser treatments target the pigment in age spots, breaking it down and allowing the body to naturally eliminate the discoloured skin. Laser Genesis is a non-invasive option that stimulates collagen production, improving overall skin texture.

Laser Skin Rejuvenation - Laser Genesis
Laser Genesis Skin Rejuvenation Treatment

c. Tixel Treatment: Tixel skin treatment is a novel thermal fractional skin rejuvenation technique. It promotes collagen remodelling, leading to a reduction in pigmentation and improved skin tone.

d. Skin Resurfacing: Various skin resurfacing techniques, such as microdermabrasion and fractional laser resurfacing, can help diminish age spots by removing the outer layers of damaged skin.

e. SkinPen Treatment: SkinPen is a micro-needling procedure that can aid in reducing age spots by stimulating collagen production and enhancing skin texture.

Skin Needling/Microneedling
Minimising the appearance of Age Spots with SkinPen (Skin Needling)

Simple At-Home Treatments for Age Spots

a. Topical Creams: Over-the-counter or prescription-strength creams containing ingredients like hydroquinoneretinoids, or alpha hydroxy acids can gradually fade age spots.

(Dermaceutic Activ Retinol 1.0 Intense Age Defence Serum 30ml) Available in clinic

b. Home Remedies: Natural remedies such as lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, and aloe vera may help lighten age spots. However, their efficacy varies, and caution should be exercised to avoid irritation.

How to Reduce the Risk of Age Spots

Preventing age spots involves adopting protective measures and incorporating skincare practices into your routine.

1 – Avoid Prolonged Sun Exposure:

  • Use sunscreen with a high SPF, applying it generously to all exposed skin.
  • Seek shade during peak sunlight hours.
  • Wear protective clothing, including wide-brimmed hats and long sleeves.

2 – Use Medical-Grade Skincare:

  • Choose skincare products with ingredients known for their anti-aging and pigmentation-reducing properties, such as antioxidants and retinoids.
  • Establish a consistent skincare routine, including cleansing, moisturising, and using targeted treatments.

3- Wear Protective Clothing and Sunglasses:

  • Invest in clothing with UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) to shield your skin from harmful UV rays.
  • Wear sunglasses that block both UVA and UVB rays to protect the delicate skin around the eyes.
Limiting sun exposure
Limit Sun Exposure

Where to Treat Age Spots in Melbourne?

When seeking professional treatment for age spots in Melbourne, it’s crucial to choose a reputable clinic with experienced practitioners and advanced technologies. 

As you weigh the benefits and differences between each cosmetic skin clinic in Melbourne and the skin treatments they offer, remember that, like with most things, a cosmetic procedure is not a “1 treatment fits all” kind of deal. The best treatment for you will depend on your specific skin concerns and desired skin goals.

To find out which treatment is best for you, begin by booking your comprehensive no-obligation consultation with me today.

During your free, no-obligation comprehensive consultation, I get to know you and discuss your desired outcomes, ultimate experience, and concerns, so we get it right the first time. We discuss timelines, expectations, best treatments, a customised treatment plan and payment options.

Most importantly, I will explain why they are the best options and go over the expected results to allow you to feel comfortable and confident you are making the right decision.

For more information on Dr Theva’s Skin Care Clinic in Melbourne, available treatment options and happy clients, please click here.